What are DNS records?

DNS records (Domain Name System) are an essential part of the internet, as they help translate human-readable domain names into the numerical IP addresses that computers use to communicate. Without DNS records, it would be nearly impossible to navigate the web, as users would have to remember long strings of numbers instead of easy-to-remember domain names.

There are several different types of DNS records, each of which serves a specific purpose. Some of the most common types of DNS records include:

  • A records: These records map a domain name to an IP address, allowing users to access a website by typing in the domain name;
  • CNAME records: These records allow you to create an alias for a domain name, so that multiple domain names can point to the same website.
  • MX records: These records specify the mail servers that should be used to deliver email to a domain.
  • NS records: These records specify the name servers that are responsible for a domain.
  • PTR records: These records are used to map an IP address to a domain name, allowing users to access a website by typing in the IP address.

In addition to these common DNS records, several other types of records serve specific purposes, such as TXT records (used to store text-based information) and SRV records (used to specify servers for specific services).

Properly configured DNS records are essential for ensuring that your website is accessible and your email is delivered correctly. If you are responsible for managing a website or email server, it is important to understand the different types of DNS records and how to configure them correctly. Suppose you are unfamiliar with DNS records or have questions about how to set them up. In that case, it is recommended that you seek the help of a qualified professional or refer to online resources for guidance.